What are the Symptoms of Depression?

A prolonged sense of melancholy and a loss of interest in things and activities you used to like are symptoms of the mood disorder depression. It may also impair one’s ability to remember things, eat, sleep, or think clearly. It’s acceptable to feel depressed or grieve about difficult situations in life, such as losing your job or being divorced. Depression, on the other hand, is distinct since it lasts for at least two weeks and has symptoms beyond melancholy. It also occurs nearly every day.

Depressive illnesses come in various forms. It’s common to refer to major depressive disorder, often known as clinical depression, as “depression”. Desperation like this is the worst sort. In the absence of therapy, depression may worsen and last longer. In severe cases, it could lead to self-harm or suicide. The good news is that treatments can reduce symptoms.   

Self-injury and thoughts of suicide

One coping strategy you could choose to manage your depression symptoms is self-harm. Self-harm is extremely risky, even if it could temporarily improve your feelings. Experiencing extreme depression and hopelessness can also lead to suicidal thoughts. It might entail planning to commit suicide or thinking about killing yourself. These might be incredibly terrifying ideas that feel hard to control. 

Symptoms and indicators

Although the signs and symptoms of depression vary from person to person, some are widespread. It’s critical to keep in mind that these symptoms may accompany periods of regular depression throughout life. However, the likelihood that you are experiencing depression increases with the number of symptoms you experience, their intensity, and the length of time they have persisted. 

Changes in weight and appetite

Eating and weight fluctuations are common among depressed individuals. Everybody may have a different experience with this. Some will not feel hungry and lose weight, while others will gain weight because they will be more hungry. One technique to determine whether dietary changes are related to depression is to find out if they are intentional or not. If they’re not, depression could be the root problem.

Irritation feelings

An angry outburst occurs in one minute. The next, uncontrollably, tears come down. Mood swings brought on by depression can vary greatly and are unrelated to anything outside of the individual experiencing them. 


Co-occurring Anxiety and depression are prevalent. A few signs of Anxiety can also be indicators of depression, such as:

  • Being agitated
  • Having trouble focusing
  • Having trouble falling asleep 

Reduction in sex desire

Your desire for sex may decrease when you’re depressed. You could begin to question if your sexual desire has vanished. More guilt may result, particularly if your spouse finds it hard to comprehend why you no longer desire this closeness.

Diminished vitality, exhaustion, or a sense of slowness

Depression can also result in physical symptoms, but most people only consider its emotional and mental manifestations. These physical signs frequently resemble those of other illnesses. Fatigue and poor energy are common problems. Even after obtaining adequate sleep, there may still be a persistent sense of being “bone tired.” You may also feel everything is moving while you’re sad, yet you still can’t keep up. 

Depressive psychosis

Delusions related to a trusted source, including mistaken views and dissociation from reality, can occur in psychosis. Additionally, it may result in hallucinations or the perception of unreal objects.

 Psychosis coexists with depression in a few individuals. Depression can arise in an individual suffering from psychosis, a severe mental disorder. Alternatively, a person experiencing depression might have a severe case of the illness that also manifests as signs of psychosis.

Manic episodes

One prevalent sign of bipolar illness is depression. Individuals suffering from bipolar illness may go through weeks-long depressive episodes. They also go through episodes of mania, which is a heightened emotion that may make someone feel irrationally joyful, hostile, or uncontrollable.

Psychomotor Issues

Psychomotor refers to the relationship between cognition (or cognitive function) and movement. People who are depressed may move and respond very slowly. They might be angry and hyperactive all the time. It is typically insufficient for a patient to claim that they feel this way; physicians also need to know if other people have observed the patient displaying odd psychomotor issues.  


It is a prevalent sign of depression. According to some studies, weariness affects over 90% of those who suffer from depression. Although weariness is a normal human sensation, those who experience acute or persistent weariness—especially when combined with other symptoms—may have concealed sadness.

Less optimistic than others

There is a notion that suggests “depressive realism” is a characteristic shown by those who are depressed. It is compared to individuals without depression. They could see things more clearly and exert more control over the situation. If a person also has other possible symptoms, being more realistic or pessimistic than other individuals may be a sign of depression.

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